Your home water source may get contaminated for one reason or the other. It may be the result of a natural disaster, breakdown in the civil services, or any other unforeseen reason. This however should not leave you helpless. There are ways you can purify this water and make it safe for human consumption thereby reducing your risk of exposure to waterborne illnesses.
Here is how you go about it.
Step 1: Collate the water from your natural environment
The first thing you are required to do is collate all the remaining water from your natural environment. This starts with your home where you can melt all your ice cubes, drain all the waterfrom your heaters and collect all the water from your toilet tanks. Once you have done this, you need to start scouting external water sources. These could be water from wells, lakes, ponds or streams. Ensure you don’t use water that appears to have been stagnant or has a bad odor. The assumption here is that you are completely out of water.
Step 2: You need to create a purification filter
In the event all the water you have collated or most of it has been contaminated with particles, you will need a purification filter to remove these particles from your water. There are many ways to create a purification filter, just ensure the material you use is clean so that you don’t further contaminate the water. Also, the container in which you filter in the clean water should be clean.
Step 3: Boil the filtered water
You need to know that filtering water is not enough. Removing particles is just the beginning. Water usually has microscopic organisms such as bacteria, viruses and other parasites that cannot be seen with the naked eye. Boiling this water is therefore a very effective way of to purify the water as it will kill all these microorganisms which are usually disease causing. Once you have boiled the water, allow it to cool and then store it in a clean container that is sealable.
Step 4: Chlorine is an alternative to boiling
If you are in a situation where boiling your water is not a possibility, then chlorine is your best alternative. However, you should keep in mind that it may not be as effective as boiling because chemical treatment has been proven not to provide 100 per cent protection against certain harmful microorganisms. Just keep in mind that high quantities of chlorine are poisonous therefore attentively follow the measurement instructions.
If you follow these steps correctly, you can be guaranteed that you and your loved ones will be consuming clean and safe water hence guaranteeing your protection against waterborne illnesses.